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Anfis Classifier Based Moving Object Detection and Segmentation in Indoor and Outdoor Environments

[ Vol. 14 , Issue. 1 ]

Author(s):

A. Shyamala, S. Selvaperumal* and G. Prabhakar   Pages 21 - 30 ( 10 )

Abstract:


Background: Moving object detection in dynamic environment video is more complex than the static environment videos. In this paper, moving objects in video sequences are detected and segmented using feature extraction based Adaptive Neuro-Fuzzy Inference System (ANFIS) classifier approach. The proposed moving object detection methodology is tested on different video sequences in both indoor and outdoor environments.

Methods: This proposed methodology consists of background subtraction and classification modules. The absolute difference image is constructed in background subtraction module. The features are extracted from this difference image and these extracted features are trained and classified using ANFIS classification module.

Results: The proposed moving object detection methodology is analyzed in terms of Accuracy, Recall, Average Accuracy, Precision and F-measure. The proposed moving object segmentation methodology is executed on different Central Processing Unit (CPU) processor as 1.8 GHz and 2.4 GHz for evaluating the performance during moving object segmentation. At present, some moving object detection systems used 1.8 GHz CPU processor. Recently, many systems for moving object detection are using 2.4 GHz CPU processor. Hence, CPU processors 1.8 GHz and 2.4 GHz are used in this paper for detecting the moving objects in video sequences. Table 1 shows the performance evaluation of proposed moving object detection on CPU processor 1.8 GHz (100 sequence). Table 2 shows the performance evaluation of proposed moving object detection on CPU processor 2.8 GHz (100 sequence). The average moving object detection time on CPU processor 1.8 GHz for fountain sequence is 62.5 seconds, for airport sequence is 64.7 seconds, for meeting room sequence is 71.6 seconds and for Lobby sequence is 73.5 seconds, respectively, as depicted in Table 3. The average elapsed time for moving object detection on 100 sequences is 68.07 seconds. The average moving object detection time on CPU processor 2.4 GHz for fountain sequence is 56.5 seconds, for airport sequence is 54.7 seconds, for meeting room sequence is 65.8 seconds and for Lobby sequence is 67.5 seconds, respectively, as depicted in Table 4. The average elapsed time for moving object detection on 100 sequences is 61.12 seconds. It is very clear from Table 3 and Table 4; the moving object detection time is reduced when the frequency of the CPU processor increases.

Conclusion: In this paper, moving object is detected and segmented using ANFIS classifier. The proposed method initially segments the background image and then features are extracted from the threshold image. These features are trained and classified using ANFIS classification method. The proposed moving object detection method is tested on different video sequences which are obtained from different indoor and outdoor environments. The performance of the proposed moving object detection and segmentation methodology is analyzed in terms of Accuracy, Recall, Average Accuracy, Precision and F-measure.

Keywords:

Object detection, dynamic environment, features, background subtraction, classifications, optical flow algorithm.

Affiliation:

Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Mohamed Sathak Engineering College, Kilakarai, Ramanathapuram, Tamilnadu, Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Syed Ammal Engineering College, Ramanathapuram, Tamilnadu, Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, V.S.B. Engineering College, Karur, Tamilnadu

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