Drishti Yadav and Karan Veer* Pages 1 - 13 ( 13 )
Background: With the enhancement in manageability and robustness, ultrasound discovers growing usage in an eclectic variety of applications. The capability to accomplish and construe an outsized variability of ultrasound investigations is marvelously revealed by Physicians, nurses and medical officers, and the use of ultrasound in the developing world is unequivocally supported by a growing body of literature. This paper delivers a general idea of the technological and engineering developments that succor in the progression of ultrasonic applications. This paper reviews the prevailing literature in aid of ultrasound use in the emerging biosphere. It also endorses imminent guidelines for ultrasound usage and exploration in order to develop the investigative capability and patient care in the utmost far-flung regions of the world.
Methods: A well-thought-out examination of bibliographic records in quest of peer-reviewed research accomplishments by means of an intensive assessment interrogation was carried out. Good quality papers were included in the review based on their features. With the intention of analyzing the verdicts of the considered investigations, we employed an inferential scrutiny approach centered on the quality of the content.
Results: A total of 152 papers were included in this review including a massive volume of literature works on various ultrasonic applications. These ultrasonic applications included food processing, cleaning, and nanostructured material synthesis along with a variety of therapeutic and clinical applications. This review identified the captivating improvements and ground-breaking applications of ultrasound worldwide together with a few of its prospective applications.
Conclusion: The utilization of ultrasound in processing crafts innovative and attention-grabbing approaches which have an eclectic scope for further research both from industrial and academic perspectives. Various areas, for instance: crystallization, degassing, drying, extraction, filtration, freezing, homogenization, meat tenderization, sterilization, etc.; have been acknowledged with prodigious potential for forthcoming improvements in food processing and preservation. Enriched extraction of heat sensitive bioactive and food constituents at lower processing temperatures can be carried out using UAE. There is also a prospective for attaining concurrent extrication and encapsulation of extracted constituents via ultrasonic. Nevertheless, its utilization in the diagnosis of certain syndromes still remains controversial. In the near future, tumor ablation would necessitate the most important use of high intensity focused ultrasound in medicine. These applications, predominantly the treatment of uterine fibroids, are projected to encounter stretched out usage globally. With the proliferation of additional ablation techniques, a number of electrifying enhancements and innovative applications lie on the vista; together with application for targeted drug delivery and gene therapies, and treatment of an eclectic variety of brain ailments. There is an urgent need to broaden the research to assess the impression of ultrasound in resource-limited settings in the arena of Clinician-performed bedside ultrasonography in an attempt to draw inferences regarding the long-term sustainability and further expansion of ultrasound programs in the developing world. Ultrasonic processing, still in its embryonic stage, entails significant future research with the aim of developing technology and elucidating the effects of ultrasound.
Ultrasound, Ultrasound assisted extraction (UAE), Ultrasonic Cleaning, Nanostructured Materials, therapeutic ultrasound, clinical ultrasound
Department of Instrumentation and Control Engineering, Dr. B. R. Ambedkar National Institute of Technology, Jalandhar, Punjab, Department of Instrumentation and Control Engineering, Dr. B. R. Ambedkar National Institute of Technology, Jalandhar, Punjab